Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act
The Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act, or 新法, is a US federal law that is intended to target 美国人 who may be concealing assets held in foreign accounts.
新法 compliance and international reporting
To facilitate this, some foreign entities must report their US clients or owners directly (or indirectly, through their local tax authorities) to the IRS. 新法 has classed all non-US entities into two categories: foreign financial institutions (FFIs) and non-financial foreign entities (NFFEs)
Foreign Financial Institutions (FFIs)
The definition of an FFI encompasses a range of financial institutions or entities that qualify with one or more of the following:
- Accept deposits in the ordinary course of business
- Hold financial assets for others (e.g. custody or nominee services)
- Are primarily engaged in investing, reinvesting or trading in securities or commodities
- Certain types of insurance companies
- Holding company/treasury centers
FFIs are required to report to the IRS directly, or through their local revenue government agency, information about financial accounts held by 美国人.
Non-Financial Foreign Entities (NFFEs)
Certain NFFEs (any entity not classified as an FFI) must also report or certify their ownership.
Are there penalties for noncompliance?
Failure to comply with these reporting rules by either FFIs or NFFEs will result in the imposition of a 30% penalty withholding tax on their US-sourced income or gains. This penalty does not offset any income tax dues.
How will this impact 美国人?
When an FFI/NFFE identifies their 美国人 in accordance with 新法, they report them to the IRS. The IRS will then check their systems to see if the US Person has filed a properly completed FBAR, income tax and informational returns. If these returns have not been correctly filed, the US taxpayer could be subject to civil penalties and possible criminal charges.
Get up to date with 新法 compliance
美国人 who have not filed, or correctly filed, their US tax returns or information reports should strongly consider getting up to date for prior tax years. We have helped individuals in the United States and throughout the world bring themselves successfully up to date. (见 Voluntary Disclosure).
事实七多亏了 新法 banks must disclose their American account holders to the IRS or local tax authority.
事实6The IRS is actively looking for 不兼容的 美国人.
事实5It takes an average of 16个小时 to do IRS Form 1040.
事实4There are over 500 美国国税局纳税表格.
事实三个Since 1916, illegal income has been taxable.
事实两个美国人 must file tax
returns no matter where they live and work.
文本一7 million Americans abroad
只有 500,000 compliant